Relaciones India-Estados Unidos

https://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/library/news/india/2018/india-180609-presstv01.htm

Estados Unidos urge a India a descartar comprar de misiles Rusos a favor de misiles Estadounidenses.

US urges India to ditch Russian missiles for American ones
Iran Press TV

Sat Jun 9, 2018 06:31AM

The United States is urging India to reconsider its plan to purchase advanced missiles from Russia and instead switch to American systems, touting the "strategic importance" of the relationship between Washington and New Delhi.

"If we want to see that continue and I think both we and our Indian friends want to do that, then it's incumbent on us to give them the best case and hopefully that will engender a willingness on the part of the Indian government to think about our systems as they go forward in their procurement," Tina Kaidanow, principal deputy assistant secretary of the State Department's Political-Military Affairs Bureau, told reporters, according to Defense One.

India and Russia reportedly concluded price negotiations for procurement of five regiments of Russian-made S-400 advanced air defense systems last month.

The final contract is expected to be signed during a summit meeting between Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin in October.

The United States has also been trying to reach out to India as New Delhi deepens its defense ties with Moscow.

In recent weeks, the US military renamed its Pacific Command the US Indo-Pacific Command, in a symbolic move underscoring "India's rise and role in regional and global security."

Kaidanow was in New Delhi last month for what she called "exceptionally good, very, very productive conversations" with Indian officials.

They reportedly discussed US sanctions against Russia, which also cover Almaz-Antey, the manufacturer of the S-400 surface-to-air missile system being purchased by India.

"The acquisition of these systems is…beneficial to the Russian government," Kaidanow said. "Our distinct hope is that other countries will take that into account as they make their decisions."

The US Congress passed the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) against Russia in August 2017 over allegations of interfering in the 2016 presidential election.

India's plan to buy 110 fighter jets in the coming years has also prompted American aircraft manufacturers Lockheed Martin and Boeing to offer Indian assembly lines for F-16 and F/A-18 jets.

"American defense product is great product – it is the best in the world," Kaidanow said. "It's central that countries really think about when they acquire these things – and particularly when we're talking about important systems like fighters – that they think about the quality and the interoperability piece and all of the things that we know come with the acquisition of American products."

The US has also sparred with Turkey over its procurement of advanced missile systems from Russia.

The S-400 Triumf (with the NATO codename Growler) entered service in 2007 and is considered Russia's most advanced long-range anti-aircraft missile system.

Capable of engaging targets at a distance of 400 kilometers and at an altitude of up to 30 kilometers, the missile system can destroy aircraft, cruise and ballistic missiles. It can also be used against land-based targets.
 

El Ministerio de Exteriores de la India ha expresado su preocupación al Gobierno de EE.UU. por el paso de un buque de guerra de la Armada estadounidense por aguas indias.

El 7 de abril, el destructor de misiles guiados USS John Paul Jones navegó a unos 240 kilómetros del archipiélago de las Laquedivas, en el océano Índico, dentro de la zona económica exclusiva del país asiático.

En un comunicado emitido este viernes, la Cancillería india subrayó que la Convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Derecho del Mar "no autoriza" a otros Estados realizar ejercicios o maniobras militares en ese tipo de zonas "sin el consentimiento del país ribereño".

Agregó que el buque estadounidense fue monitoreado continuamente desde que salió del golfo Pérsico en dirección al estrecho de Malaca, en el sudeste de Asia. "Hemos transmitido nuestras preocupaciones […] al Gobierno de EE.UU. a través de canales diplomáticos", concluye el comunicado.

La respuesta de EE.UU.​

El portavoz del Pentágono, John Kirby, declaró este viernes durante una rueda de prensa que el barco de guerra realizó "un paso inocente" que no iba dirigido contra la India.

"El USS John Paul Jones, un destructor de la Armada, aseguró los derechos de navegación y libertades en las inmediaciones de la República de Maldivas, realizando un paso inocente a través de su mar territorial y operaciones normales dentro de su zona económica exclusiva sin solicitar una autorización previa, conforme a la ley internacional", dijo.

A continuación, Kirby destacó que las acciones al respecto son "una parte de nuestra responsabilidad para defender la libertad de navegación, […] libertades del uso legal de los mares, reconocidos por la ley internacional".

El vocero hizo hincapié en que este paso se da "no contra una nación", sino "por un principio", agregando que lo hacen "en todo el mundo".

Previamente, la Séptima Flota de la Armada estadounidense había confirmado que el USS John Paul Jones pasó por dicha zona "sin solicitar el consentimiento previo de la India, de conformidad con el derecho internacional". Nueva Delhi requiere el permiso previo para las maniobras militares en su zona económica exclusiva, "una afirmación incompatible" con las normas internacionales, aseveró ese brazo de la Marina.

Además señaló que defiende los derechos, libertades y usos legales del mar "al cuestionar los excesivos reclamos marítimos" de la India. Todas las operaciones de la Séptima Flota se realizan de acuerdo con el derecho internacional y "demuestran que EE.UU. volará, navegará y operará donde lo permitan" las normas internacionales, advirtió.
 

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